mul mul cotton sarees

Mul-Mul Sarees – Blog

Mul Mul Cotton Saree

Mul Mul Cotton Saree- Blog

mulmul cotton saree

History

Mul Mul Cotton Saree or Muslin as it is known in Europe, is a soft and fine weave of cotton, that was first made by Bengali weavers many hundred years ago. In fact the commercial viability of this delicate fabric was perhaps established in Europe almost a 1000 years ago or more, and we know this since ‘Muslin’ has been referred to by a few ancient Greek and Roman writers in their works. It was definitely traded in Europe by 17th century, and was one of the prized imports from India. Later the manufacturing of mulmul or muslin started in England and Scotland. Infact the name Muslin was derived from the city ‘Mosul’ in Iraq, a place where Europeans were said to have first encountered the fabric, Marco Polo mentioned the same in his 1298 book – The Travels. Originally it originated in Dhakeshwari or Dhaka in Bangladesh, which was then a part of India. The fabric was referred to as Daka here. Bengali Muslims are said to have traded the yarn all across the Muslim world, which is how it landed in the Middle East. Under the Mughal rule, ‘Mughal Bengal’ became the largest exporter of high-quality muslin, and Dhaka became the capital of the worldwide Muslin trade. Do you remember listening to the 1949 song, ‘Hawa mein udta jaye mera laal dupatta Mulmul ka’ and envisioning a soft, flowy red cloth flying away with the wind? That song romanticised this particular fabric, and if there is any fabric that deserved to be immortalised in pop-culture, mulmul was the right choice because of its royal beginnings. It was not as readily available in the beginning as it is today and was originally exclusively available to Indian royalty. Over time it has gained popularity and is now found in almost all parts of the world. High-quality Mulmul or Muslin, was so lightweight and delicate that it was sometimes referred to as wonder gossamer or the woven wind. While the trade of Mulmul flourished under the Mughal rule, it was repressed aggressively under the British raj. Since the industrially manufactured and imported variant could not compete with the hand woven counterpart in India, it is noted that they tried to eradicate the knowledge and production of fine mulmul by rounding up the local weavers and mutilating their hands by cutting off the thumbs. The production of this fine weave suffered greatly for about two centuries during this time. Many revival attempts have been made in modern Bangladesh since.Youtube

The process of manufacturing

Since all the processes were manual, manufacturing involves many artisans for yarn spinning and weaving activities, but the leading role lies with the material and weaving.

  • Ginning: To removing trash and cleaning and combing the fibers and making them parallel ready for spinning a boalee (upper jaw of catfish) was used.
  • Spinning and Weaving: For extra humidity they used to weave during the rainy season for elasticity in the yarns and to avoid breakages. The process was so sluggish that it could take over five months to weave one piece of mulmul.

The muslins were originally made of cotton only. These were very thin, transparent, delicate and feather light breathable  fabrics. There could be 1000-1800 yarns in warp and weighing 3.8 Ounces ( for 1yard X10 yards) . Some varieties of Muslin were so thin that they could even pass through the aperture of a lady finger-ring.

In 1298 CE, Marco Polo described the cloth in his book The Travels. He said it was made in Mosul, Iraq. The 16th-century English traveler Ralph Fitch lauded the muslin he saw in  Sonargaon . During the 17th and 18th centuries, Mughal Bangal emerged as the foremost muslin exporter in the world, with Mughal Dhaka as capital of the worldwide muslin trade. It became highly popular in 18th-century France and eventually spread across much of the Western world.

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kota doriya

Kota Doriya

Kota Doriya Sarees

            There is lot of information about the Kota Doriya – Blog

ABOUT THE KOTA DORIA - Blog

Some information about kota doriya sarees and it’s manufacturing.about the kota doriya – Blog . Kota Doria (also spelled as Kota Dori) is a unique blend of cotton and silk in a square check pattern. The silk provides the shine while the cotton provides strength to the fabric. The name Kota Doria is taken from it place of origin, Kota in Rajasthan, India.

The checked pattern is termed as ‘khat’, and is one of the distinguishing feature of the Kota Doria fabric. Kota Doria is a very fine weave and weigh very less. Sarees Salwar Kameez, Lehengas and Home furnishings are some popular uses of the fabric. we are uploading videos  of our products on youtube.

 

History

Kota Doria first originated in Mysore where the weavers who practiced this craft were known as ‘Masurias’. Subsequently between 17th and 18th century, the weavers were brought to Kota by Rao Kishore Singh who was a general in the Mughal Army during Shahjahan’s reign. The union between the two states brought about the invention of the ‘Kota-Masuria’ sarees, which were adorned for religious occasions since this type of material was considered auspicious. This type of saree became extremely popular and paved the way for the Kota Doria cloth, which went on to become one of the most fashionable fabrics in India.

Faces Behind the Fabric

The ‘Ansari’ community of the Hadauti region is largely known for practicing this craft apart from several other villages in southern Rajasthan like Bundi and Baran districts. The weavers are mostly of the Muslim community. With machine work taking over drastically, there has been a considerable downfall in the number of handlooms with which this fabric is woven. This has become the plight of many of these craftsmen who currently are struggling to make ends meet in spite of their mastery over this intricate and dexterous craft. Moreover, there is a lot of replication of the fabric being made which deludes the buyer into buying inauthentic material. However, the central government of Rajasthan has now come up with a system where a stamp would be printed on the authentic Kota Doria products which will be a clear mark of authenticity.

Global Appeal

Kota doria, with its distinctiveness in style, has grown to become one of the popular Indian fabrics. Even though globally Indian silks and fabrics like Khadi take a dominant position, Kota fabric is right next to them in line when it comes to its popularity in fashion.

Present Day Scenario

In spite of the declining trend in manufacturing this fabric, there are close to 2500 families in various districts of Kota who are still practicing and keeping this skill alive. Even though there are some who appreciate the value and hard work that goes into this type of weaving, there has not been a great demand for it either.

Maintenance

It is not difficult to maintain this fabric since it is mostly made up of cotton. Normal hand wash would be fine.


chanderi sarees online

Chanderi Saree – Blog

Chanderi Saree – Blog

There are lot of information about Chanderi Saree – Blog

chanderi cotton silk sareeChanderi Saree – Blog . Chanderi is a traditional ethnic fabric characterized by its lightweight, sheer texture and fine luxurious feel. Chanderi fabric is produced by weaving in silk and golden Zari in the traditional cotton yarn that results in the creation of the shimmering texture. The fabric borrowed its name from the small town Chanderi in Madhya Pradesh where traditional weavers practice the art of producing textured sarees in cotton and silk decorated with fine zari work.

This fabric can be classified into three types – Chanderi silk cotton, pure silk and Chanderi cotton. Traditionally, Chanderi fabric was primarily used in weaving Sarees and Salwar Kameez material.Visit Our  Youtube Channel 

 

History

Since ancient times, Chanderi town is popularly known as one of the best handloom clusters in India where Chanderi fabric was woven using handspun cotton warps and wefts. But the evolution of the fabric began in the 1890’s when weavers in the town of Chanderi replaced hand spun yarns with mill mad yarns. But if epics are to be believed, Chanderi fabric is known to have its origin way back in the Vedic Period and was founded by Lord Krishna’s cousin – Shishupal.

In the year 1910, Chanderi sarees were patronized by the royal family of Scindia and it was during that period when golden thread motif made its presence in the cotton muslin saree for the first time. But during the Mughal reign, popularity of this fabric reached new heights and was the most favored choice of queens in India. In the 1930s, Chanderi weavers in Madhya Pradesh discovered Japanese silk. They began replacing the warps of cotton sarees with it and that’s how the Chanderi silk variety came into existence.

Fashion Connect

Since ancient times, Chanderi fabric holds a special position in the Indian handloom industry. Traditionally, this fabric was used to weave the nine yard drapes. But now, with fusion of traditional and modern weaving techniques, Chanderi fabric is extensively used by fashion designers to create Indo-western dresses, tunics and tops.

Maintenance

The sheer texture of Chanderi fabric needs special care. It’s advisable to dry clean Chanderi fabric protect the fine Zari work. Dry in shade, avoid drying in direct sunlight.