Dabu Printing is an ancient hand block printing technique in Rajasthan. It is a traditional artwork and a unique way to print and dyeing fabrics. It is also called Mud Resist Printing.
The dazzling floral and theme patterns in crisp and well-detailed prints of bright and well-chosen colors and motifs have left current commentators speechless.
Dabu printing is a time-consuming process that requires multiple phases of printing and dyeing, resulting in a one-of-a-kind and gorgeous product. The Practice is almost dead in the last century.
But it was revived. It is a flourishing business in many villages in Rajasthan.
Dabu print textiles have a subtle, remarkable beauty and depth that is admire all over the world.
Daboo is now use to adorn a wide range of Indian and Indo-western clothing and home décor goods. Plants, birds, flowers, and fruits, as well as creative ethnic motifs, are frequently use as inspiration.
Dabu Printing: Origin and History
Dabu print motifs are said to have originated in China, and the technique has been around since 675 AD. After then, it traveled to Rajasthan, which grew to become the world’s largest producer of block-printed textiles. Dabu print was develop in the Rajasthani hamlet of Akola. At one time, Rajasthan had a large number of Dabu printing craftsmen, but today just a few remain to carry on the practice. Daboo printing is sometimes confuse with other Rajasthani hand block prints such as Sanganeri and Bagru, although it has a unique appearance and process. Although the designs are believe to be comparable to ‘Batik,’ the processes utilize to make them are completely different.
Faces from Behind the Fabric
Dabu print is essentially a village handicraft. It is now practice in many villages in Rajasthan. It has become a family business for many people, with the older generation passing on the secrets of the craft to the next. These craftsmen specialize in producing more traditional and classic prints, which are undoubtedly the most authentic.
In this time, many new-age craftsmen and designers are also making a business of producing Dabu Printed Fabrics. They learn the skill from seasoned artists in the area and then add their personal touch. Daboo printing has become a source of inspiration for many artists. Many people have gone to creating fabrics with this old mud resist technique of printing, which is why many people have taken to manufacturing fabrics with this ancient mud resist technique of printing.
Making: Process of Dabu Printing
The process of Dabu Printing is difficult. It involves many workers and multiple stages of printing, washing, and dyeing.
First, the mills’ plain cloth is thoroughly clean to eliminate any contaminants that may interfere with the coloring process. The patterns are then hand-print into the cloth with care and precision using blocks soaked in fast dyes.
The next and most important step is employment of the mud resists, which gives this print its distinct look. Mud, gum, lime, and leftover wheat chaff are mix together to produce the mud resist paste, which is then pat over certain areas of the pattern. Sawdust is sprinkle over the paste to dry it. This coating basically shields certain areas of the cloth from the dye that will be apply later, giving it a distinctive and colorful appearance.
Following the printing process, the cloth is laid out in the sun to dry fully. It’s then dip into a dye vat, dried, and wash thoroughly to remove the paste and any extra color. Natural vegetable colors and pastes are frequently utilize. As a result, the color catches on the exposed areas of the cloth, while the dhabu-covered parts stay plain.
Fabrics with Dabu prints should hand wash first to ensure color fastness. Then machine cleaned in cold water. It is advisable to air dry these textiles to preserve the color’s vibrancy. Natural and vegetable colors fade quickly and take a long time to fade, however machine washing can help speed up the process.